Cookery Classes Birmingham - Panera Bread Shortbread Cookie Recipe - Caramel Chip Cookies.

Cookery Classes Birmingham

cookery classes birmingham

  • A city in southeastern Michigan, north of Detroit; pop. 19,997

  • An industrial city in north central Alabama; pop. 242,820

  • An industrial city in west central England; pop. 934,900

  • the largest city in Alabama; located in northeastern Alabama

  • Birmingham (, ) is the largest city in Alabama. The city is the county seat of Jefferson County. According to an estimate by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2007, Birmingham had a population of about 229,800. The Birmingham Metropolitan Area, in estimate by the U.S.

  • a city in central England; 2nd largest English city and an important industrial and transportation center

  • A place in which food is cooked; a kitchen

  • cooking: the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat; "cooking can be a great art"; "people are needed who have experience in cookery"; "he left the preparation of meals to his wife"

  • Cooking is the process of preparing food by applying heat. Cooks select and combine ingredients using a wide range of tools and methods. In the process, the flavor, texture, appearance, and chemical properties of the ingredients can change.

  • The art or practice or preparing food by boiling, baking, roasting, frying

  • The practice or skill of preparing and cooking food

  • Assign or regard as belonging to a particular category

  • (class) a collection of things sharing a common attribute; "there are two classes of detergents"

  • (class) a body of students who are taught together; "early morning classes are always sleepy"

  • (class) classify: arrange or order by classes or categories; "How would you classify these pottery shards--are they prehistoric?"

Kingswood Reformatory BS15

Kingswood Reformatory BS15

Opened in 1852, rebuilt and reopened 1892. It was intended for the reformation of boys convicted of criminal practices. Money for their upkeep originally came from voluntary contributions, except for 7shillings a week for boys sent by the Government. Later it came from the Treasury and the County or Borough authorities. Boys were detained there for 3 years or more.

Children were sent from the following Institutions as well as from the Workhouses:

Park Row Industrial School for Boys - opened in 1859

Carleton House Industrial School for Girls - opened in 1874

Clifton Day Industrial School - opened in 1851

Red Lodge Reformatory for Girls - opened in 1854

Kingswood Reformatory for Boys - opened in 1852

St James Ragged School. opened 1846 by Mary Carpenter, it eventually became

St. James Back Day Industrial School.

The Bristol Emigration Home for Girls - opened in 1881 by Annie Macpherson at 9 Bishop Road, St Pauls. The home moved to Parkfield House, Beaufort Road, then in 1891 to Leigh Road South, 3 Aberdeen Road and finally in 1901 to 25 Richmond Terrace, Clifton. This home also accepted boys under 8 years of age. Both boys and girls were prepared for emigration.

John Wesley heard of the troubles of Kingswood and did much to help the people and began his mission by erecting a small Chapel called The Old School in 1746. It stood in 12 acres of land off Two Mile Hill Road. Realising the need for education, he built a School nearby to house 100 boys, who were principally the sons of Methodist Ministers. This School proved to have been a great influence in the district, but in later years it was moved out to New Kingswood, Bath, where it is now one of the important Schools of Methodism.

In 1852 this building and land were for sale. Standing as it did in these acres, it was exactly the type of School that Mary Carpenter (one of our great Bristol Reformers) needed for her Agricultural Reformatory school, her idea being that the young offenders should not go to prison but should be sent to a school where they would have to work and where the influence of those in charge would help them to become good citizens. Mary Carpenter was helped in this venture by Lady Byron and Mr. Scott Russell who made it possible for her to have the use of the premises and so one autumn evening, a cart laden with bedding, with a small boy perched on the top of it, could be seen slowly making its way through the grounds to the house. This small boy on the cart was the first inmate of the Reformatory School.

Mary Carpenter’s idea proved so effective that Reformatory Schools were started in various parts of the country and they revolutionised the prison system for dealing with young offenders.

She began to study the situation in other countries - and some of the key reform programmes that had been developed. In 1851 Mary Carpenter published her essay on reform schools: Reformatory Schools for the Children of the Perishing and Dangerous Classes and for Juvenile Offenders and called a conference in Birmingham to discuss the institutional care of young offenders. There was a lot of interest in her proposals and in 1852 she opened her own reformatory for boys at Kingswood to experiment with and publicize her ideas. Two years later she started a reform school for girls close by in Red Lodge (an Elizabethan building that had fallen into disrepair). She was also active on the writing front, publishing in 1853, Juvenile Delinquents, their Condition and Treatment.

Her work was influential - in part affecting the writing of Youthful Offenders Act 1854 (which recognized such schools). Later her lobbying helped lead to the passing of the Industrial Schools Acts 1857, 1861, and 1866. Mary Carpenter also opened a workmen's hall and was later to publish a book on the convict system (1864}.

In addition to this field of work, Mary Carpenter was well known for her interest in Indian affairs, and in the space of ten years (between 1866 and 1876) made four visits there. She was especially concerned with the education of women and penal policy. In 1870 she founded the National India Association (1870) and pressured British governments for reform. She was an advocate of higher education for women and became convinced of the need for women to be involved in public life.

Mary Carpenter remained single, but adopted a daughter in 1858. She died in 1877.

A child, under 14 years of age, could be sent to an Industrial School for begging, wandering, consorting with thieves or prostitutes or because the parents deemed him/her uncontrollable. If a child was found gulity of a more serious offence or had been before the courts previously he/she was usually sent to a Reformatory School. Sometimes these institutions were used as both Industrial and Reformatory School, for example Feltham.

Both institutions gave basic education to the inmates and taught them a trade such as shoemaking, tailoring, wood chopping, carpentry and farming, for the boys and, cooke

Camera shy

Camera shy

A bit of a self portrait, using Dreamy & Rosy Outlook filters. I've been tagged, by my friend CarolAnneS, otherwise I'd never have attempted this!

Ten things about me:

1 I've always lived near London.

2 Going on the London Eye is one of my favourite treats, even though I usually hate heights.

3 Swimming is my favourite sport: when I was a chld I learnt to swim in the sea during a holiday in Dorset.

4 Sometimes I work in Birmingham for a day or two, & enjoy spending any spare time exploring the city.

5 Charlie is my third cat. He was in a cat sanctuary after being ill-treated. He chose me (cats are like that!) & I brought him home the same day.

6 I like cookery, especially making cakes, & learnt to decorate cakes at evening classes.

7 I've always liked sewing.

8 I love my car - a Ford Ka.

9 I like most sweet things, especially chocolate.

10 I wish I were better at photography.

cookery classes birmingham

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